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The Department of Pulmonology at NHS Hospitals deals with diseases of the lungs and bronchial tubes usually consisting of the upper respiratory tract. The hospital has outstanding medical professionals with proven medical expertise in the field of pulmonary medicine and advanced respiratory care, capable of performing complex diagnostic and therapeutic procedures.

Pulmonology, also known as chest medicine or respiratory medicine, is a medical specialty that focuses on the diagnosis, treatment, and management of conditions affecting the respiratory system. Pulmonologists are specialized physicians who deal with disorders of the lungs and respiratory tract. They diagnose and treat a wide range of respiratory conditions, ranging from common respiratory infections to chronic lung diseases and respiratory failure.

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Key aspects of pulmonology include:

1. Respiratory Evaluation and Diagnosis: Pulmonologists evaluate patients with respiratory symptoms such as cough, shortness of breath, wheezing, or chest pain. They perform thorough medical histories, physical examinations, and order diagnostic tests such as pulmonary function tests, chest X-rays, CT scans, or bronchoscopy to diagnose and assess respiratory conditions.

2. Management of Lung Diseases: Pulmonologists manage various lung diseases, including but not limited to:

  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  • Asthma
  • Pulmonary fibrosis
  • Lung cancer
  • Pulmonary hypertension
  • Interstitial lung diseases
  • Sleep-related breathing disorders (such as sleep apnea)
  • Occupational lung diseases
  • Allergic respiratory disorders (such as allergic rhinitis)

3. Interventional Pulmonology: Pulmonologists may perform interventional procedures to diagnose and treat respiratory conditions. This may include bronchoscopy to visualize and obtain samples from the airways, endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) for lung cancer staging, thoracentesis to drain fluid from the pleural space, or pleural biopsy for diagnosing pleural diseases.

4. Pulmonary Function Testing: Pulmonologists utilize pulmonary function tests to assess lung function, evaluate respiratory impairment, and monitor disease progression. These tests measure lung volumes, airflow, and gas exchange to aid in the diagnosis and management of respiratory disorders.

5. Critical Care Medicine: Many pulmonologists have training in critical care medicine and provide specialized care for patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) who require respiratory support and management of acute respiratory failure, sepsis, or other critical illnesses affecting the lungs.

6. Smoking Cessation and Lung Health Promotion: Pulmonologists play an essential role in promoting lung health and educating patients about the risks of smoking and the benefits of smoking cessation. They provide support and guidance to individuals who want to quit smoking and help manage smoking-related lung diseases.

7. Collaboration with Other Specialists: Pulmonologists often collaborate with other medical specialists, such as thoracic surgeons, oncologists, allergists, and infectious disease specialists, to provide comprehensive care for patients with complex respiratory conditions.

8. Research and Advancements: Pulmonologists are actively involved in research to advance the understanding, treatment, and management of respiratory disorders. They stay updated with the latest advancements in the field and incorporate evidence-based practices into their clinical decision-making.

Pulmonology encompasses a wide range of respiratory conditions and involves both outpatient and inpatient care. Pulmonologists work closely with patients to manage their respiratory health, optimize lung function, relieve symptoms, and improve overall quality of life.